Tuesday, December 6, 2011


®                  EDUCATION AND

®                  Higher Education
(Tertiary / College / University Education)
Enrolment Ratio
New Zealand

®                  Higher Education
(in Crores)
2466 (631 PU, 1835 PrU, 1081 PJC, 621 PrJC)
726 (87 NU, 86 PU, 553 PrU)
1770 (57 PU, 1200 PrU)
1495 (377 PU, 1118 PrU)
342 (18 CU, 211 SU, 95 DU, 13 UNI, 5 SLU)

       Quality and relevance
       Access and equity
       Infrastructure and large number
       Bureaucratic control (power without expertise)
       Use of professional managers. We are in 50th place out of 53 countries studied
       45th position in competitiveness (1st is USA, 3rd Taiwan, 4th Singapore & 33rd China)*
                 *Global Competitiveness Report, 2004

       Rich heritage
       Were world leaders in
       Science and Technology: Aryabhatta, Brahmagupta, Bhaskara, Varahamira, Ramanujam, Raman, Bose. Counting: 1053 (Greek 106, West to 1012 tera)
       Education: Nalanda, Takshashila
       Health: Rural Health
       Business: Trade
       Best brains in the world
       Best institutions of higher learning
       We can do it
       Get over colonial hang-ups: Chains and shackles (rules & regulations, procedures & precedents), bureaucracy.

       Reports of James Coleman (1966) and Daniel Moynihan (1965) on equality and achievement
       Socioeconomic level is more related to achievement rather than education
       Genes and IQ have relatively little effect on economic success
       School quality have little effect on achievement or on economic success
       Educational reform cannot bring economic or social equality
       Blacks and whites with equal test scores have very unequal occupational statuses and income
       Only political and economic changes bring greater equality (not through education)
       Success depends on varieties of luck and on the job competence (more of personality than technical skills) that are moderately related to family background, schooling or scores on tests

        Head (intellect)
        Heart (Mind)
        Hand (Body)
        Higher (Soul)
        Mono – Multi faculty universities
        Basic – Applied science
        Theory – Practical
        Holistic – Piecemeal
        Integrated - Divisive

        Pearls of Ancient Wisdom
Mundaka Upanishad
       Saunaka asks Angiras: Through what being known does all this become known?
       Reply: Dve vidye veditavye iti ha sma yad brahmavido vadanti, para caivapara ca (1.1.4)
       Two kinds of knowledge are to be known, as indeed, the knowers of Brahman declare – The Higher (spiritual) as well as The Lower (material / science)
       Tatrapara rg-vedo yajurvedah sama-vedo tharva-vedah siksa kalpo vyakaranam niruktam cando jyothisam-iti. Para yaya tad aksaram adhigamyate
       Of these, the lower is the Rg veda, the Yajurveda, the Samaveda, the Athurveda. Phonetics, ritual, grammar,  etymology, metrics & astrology and the higher is that by which undecaying is apprehended.

®  Pearls of Ancient Wisdom            …continued
Isha Upanishad
       Andham tamah pravishanti yo’vidyam upasate tato bhuya iva tamo ya u vidyayam ratah -9- 
       Into blinding darkness enter those who worship science (aparavidya=avidya) only and those who delight in spirituality (paravidya) only enter into greater darkness
       Anayd eva-ahuh vidyaya, anyad-ahuh avidyaya iti susruma dhiranam ye nas dad vicacaksire -10-
       Spirituality has its own distinct purpose. Science also has its own, a different purpose. Thus we have heard from the brave explorers (of both realms) who explained all this to us.
       Vidyam ca avidyam ca yah tad veda ubhayam saha avidyaya mrtyum tirtva, vidyaya-amritam-asnute -11-
       One who masters both science and spirituality together, conquers death through science and tastes immortality through spirituality

       Pearls of Ancient Wisdom            …continued
Bhagavad Gita
       Bhumir apo nalo vayuh kham mano buddhir eva ca ahankara itiyam me bhinna praktitir astadha 7.4
       Earth, water, fire, air, ether, mind, intelligence and ego – all together these eight constitute my separate material nature
       Apareyam itas tu anyam prkrrtim viddhi me param jiva-bhutam maha-baho yayedam dharyate jagat 7.5
       Besides these, O’ mighty armed, there is another higher (spiritual) nature of mine which holds the whole universe
       Etad-yonini bhutani sarvan ity upadha raya aham krtsnasya jagatah prabhavah pralayas tatha 7.6
       All created beings have their source in these two natures. Of all that is material and all that is spiritual in this world, know for certain I am both the origin and the dissolution
       Mattah parataram nanyat kincid asti dhananjaya mayi sarvam idam protram sutre mani gana iva 7.7
       There is no truth superior to me, O’ conqueror of wealth everything rests on me as pearls are strung on a thread

       All beings have visible (apara) and invisible (para) nature
       Invisible is subtler, stronger, all pervasive, rich and nurturing
       Have access to invisible also before embarking on any activity

Be in tune with:
       Yoga-sthah kuru karmani (B.g 2.48) – perform your action in the state of union
       Yogah karmasu kausalam (B.g.2.50) – Yoga is skill in action
       Yogah cittavritti nirodha (Y.s.1.2) – Yoga is silencing mental activities
       Tada drashtuh svarupe avasthanam (Y.s.1.3) – Then the seer is established in his nature

Accessing the invisible part of reality:
       Yoga: Yama, niyama, asana, pranayama, prathyahara, dharana, dhyana, samadhiyah, ashtavangani
       Kayanu paschana – Observe the body
       Vedananu paschana – Observe the sensation
       Chittanu paschana – Observe the mind
       Dammanu paschana – Observe the Order

Model for living:
       Fight (western) vs Flow (eastern)
       Self gratification of needs vs serving others (paropakarah punyaya papaya parapedanam-Vyasa)
       Always connected to the whole
       Yovy bhooma tatsukham nalpe sukhamasti (Rg veda) – The large-hearted (big) is happy, not the petty
       Unfoldment of all that one can become (creative) happens when one engages / mingle / related to the whole / other – family, organization, community, region, nation, world, universe…
       Ayam nijah paro veti ganana laghu chetasam udaracharitanatu vasudhaiva kutumbakam (Hitopedesha) – Those who think ‘he is mine’ , ‘he is not’ are petty minded, those who are large-hearted regard the world as one family

Sunday, November 20, 2011

Alternative Culture: Psychological and Educational Perspective - ppt.

ಪರ್ಯಾಯ  ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿ
ಮಾನಸಿಕ ಮತ್ತು ಶೈಕ್ಷಣಿಕ ನೆಲೆಗಳು.
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—೧.ಪರ್ಯಾಯ ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿಃ   ಪೀಠಿಕೆ
ಧರ್ಮವಿಜ್ಞಾನರಾಜಕೀಯ ಪ್ರಭಾವ
ಪಾಶ್ಚಾತ್ಯಪೌರ್ವಾತ್ಯ ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿ
ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿ - ಪ್ರಚಲಿತ, ಉಪ, ಬಹು, ಪರ್ಯಾಯ ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿ
ಮನೋವಿಜ್ಞಾನ, ಶೈಕ್ಷಣಿಕ ನೆಲೆಗಳು

—೨.ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿಃ  ಲಕ್ಷಣಗಳು
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ಮಾನವ  ನಿರ್ಮಿತ
ಅನುಭವವಿಚಾರ ನೆಲೆ
ಅಧಿಕಾರಶಾಹಿಪ್ರಮಾಣ ಗ್ರಂಥ, ಗುರು, ಮಠ, ರಾಜ
ಭಿನ್ನ ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿಮೌಲ್ಯಗಳ ವ್ಯತ್ಯಯ(ರುತ್ ಬೆನೆಡಿಕ್ಟ್, ಮಾರ್ಗರೆಟ್ ಮೀಡ್ ಬಿನ್ನ ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿ ಅಧ್ಯಯನ) 
ವಿಶ್ವವ್ಯಾಪಿ ಏಕ ಮಾನವೀಯ ಮೌಲ್ಯಗಳ ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿ?

—೩.ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿಃ  ಅಗತ್ಯ - ಉಗಮ

ಬಯಕೆಗಳ  ಪೂರೈಕೆ
ಸಾಮಾಜಿಕ ನಿಯಂತ್ರಣ
ವೇದ ವಿಚಾರ (ಸತ್ಯ ಗ್ರಹಿಕೆ ಸ್ಥಿತಿ, ನೆಲೆ)

—೪.ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿಃ  ಶಿಕ್ಷಣ
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ವ್ಯವಸ್ಥೆ, ಪಠ್ಯ ಕೇಂದ್ರಿತ
ವಿಚಾರ ಪಠಣ, ಅನುಭವ ಗೌಣ, ವತ್ತಾಯದ ಹೇರಿಕೆ
ಅನುಕರಣೆ, ಕ್ರಿಯಾಶೀಲ ವಿಹೀನ
ಅನ್ಯ ಮಾರ್ಗಗಳ ಅನುಸರಣೆ
ವೇದ ವಿಚಾರ (ಕಲಿಕೆ, ಪರಅಪರ ವಿದ್ಯೆ)

—೫.ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿಃ  ಆಧಾರ/ಪರ್ಯಾಯ ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿ
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ವಿಚಾರ, ಅನುಭವಗಳಿಗೆ ಹೊರತಾದ ಅಂತರಂಗ ಸ್ಪರ್ಷ
ಜಗತ್ತು-ಜೀವಿಗಳ ಸಂಪರ್ಕ ಕೊಂಡಿ
ವಾಸ್ತವದ ನಿರಂತರ ಜ್ವಲಂತ ಗೋಚರ
ಪ್ರೀತಿ, ಸಮಾನತೆ, ಪರಸ್ಪರತೆ, ಸಹಕಾರ ಅನುಭವ ನೆಲೆ
ಸ್ವಾನುಭವದ ಸ್ವಂತಿಕೆ, ಸೇವಾಭಾವದ ಸಮೂಹ ಪ್ರಜ್ಞೆ
ಇವುಗಳ ಮೇಲೆ ಉದಯಿಸುವಪರ್ಯಾಯಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿ.

ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ ಪರಿಷತ್ತು ಕಂಚುಗಲ್ಲು ಬಂಡೆಮಠ ದಲ್ಲಿ ಏರ್ಪಡಿಸಿದ ಮೂರುದಿನದ ಚಿಂತನ ಶಿಬಿರದಲ್ಲಿ ಮಾಡಿದ ಉಪನ್ಯಾಸ.

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Tuesday, September 20, 2011

Dr. H. N. Murthy: Mentor Extraordinary - Tribute Continued.

There is a gnawing silence whenever I think of Dr. H. N. Murthy ever since his death on 22 August 2011 and the tribute I wrote a day after his death has not unraveled enough the meaning of such 'gasping emptiness' I faced with.

I found through him that one can be open to all system and schools of knowledge without being merely 'eclectical' as deep within every discovery of genuine truth there is a common thread connecting all forms,  knowing which makes us more insightful and effective. Once ( may be in the year 1967 )  we were discussing I. P. Pavlov's work. Pavlov had borrowed Hippocrates typology - Choleric, Melancholic and Phlegmatic - to explain his observation of dogs behavior which H. J. Eysenck later borrowed to explain his typology on Personality: Extraversion-Introversion. Both hypothesized on the brain process involved in such Types: Excitatory and Inhibhitory properties of the brain, more specifically, the generation, maintenance and dissipation of those properties in the brain and their relation to Types: excitatory properties generates easily, lasts longer and dissipates slowly in Introverts/Melancholics whereas in Extraverts/Phlegmatic the inhibitory properties in the brain are generated quickly, lasts longer and dissipated slowly. At once Dr. Murthy grew deep into himself, with his eyes in brilliant shine as is the case with him in all such situation, and tells me that it is a very profound observation, the generation-maintenance-dissolution is the rajas-satva-tamas / srushti-stiti-laya / brahma-vishnu-maheshvara in us. It was astounding to me. When I went home later, I rushed to pick up the book of Pavlov, which has already relegated to the back row of my book rack after the Examinations, and read it in one go, the whole work looked differently after Dr. Murthy's remark. In fact my foray into nature and control of arousal in different types and conditions of people (for my doctoral work) drew inspiration from such insights of Dr. Murthy. He always drew such meaning, a breath of fresh air, in the works of almost every shades of great psychologist, be it of a Dynamic, Phenomenological, Behavioral, Cognitive, Biological or Factorial mold including  the ancient Indian Thought.

Dr. Murthy was also a person of great stature.  The mirth and the laughter, the glee and the affectionate mischief on his face, was all pervasive and infectious that it at once put people at ease and to be oneself. He goaded people to go deep into themselves,be hugely broad in outlook and translate all of them into action.  He was ever ready to help people out in such direction. He always looked to the positive side of the people, found some greatness in every being he came across and never missed telling them about it, everyone would come out inspired by him feeling all the same proud and important. Dr. Murthy's strength is more in his personal relationship, glow and glitter he possessed and shared to everyone who came in contact with him and the inspiration provided to be wholesome in their personality than in the outward signs of academic achievement in the sense of papers and publications, presentation and conferences.

The pensive silence felt in me after his death is not because of the grief over the loss of the dear one, it is not even because I hardly seen him after my departure from NIMHANS in 1973. Perhaps, it is because of what governs basically all our sense of loss and guilt: not being lived all our possibilities. Dr. Murthy is the reminder of that for us. Dr H N Murthy was the embodiment of wholesome personality. He attained it in his silence and contemplation - nidhidhyasana - and lived it fully ( materialized/realized/practiced ) in his relationship with pupils and people who came in contact.    

Wednesday, August 24, 2011

A Tribute to a Mentor: Dr. H. N. Murthy

Dr. H. N. Murthy, former Professor and Head of the Department of Clinical Psychology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences ( NIMHANS ), Bangalore, passed away on 22 August 2011.

The three professors who influenced me greatly during my eight plus years of stay in NIMHANS were Professors S. K Ramachandra Rao, a teacher par excellence, Dr. R. M. Varma, a great neurosurgeon and a genuine person(was Director, NIMHANS too) and Dr. H. N. Murthy, a mentor extraordinary. We all became fond of each other  as we moved along in time.

When I entered NIMHANS in January 1965 to do my M.Phil in Clinical Psychology Dr Murthy had just joined  as Pool Officer having  returned from Europe after successfully completing his doctoral degree in one of the most difficult topic in Psychology, Causality, that too in Experimental psychology. Soon he became Professor and Head of the department. He was my Guide to my M.Phil thesis as well as to my PhD thesis which I did soon after my M.Phil. Thanks to him, I took up for my research difficult topic in Experimental Clinical Psychology - relating physiological process to mental states. He along with Dr. Varma were responsible in navigating through my research and clinical work as well as selecting me after my studies there to the post of regular lecturer. Yet, it was Dr. Murthy again who perhaps saw restrictions in my career growth in NIMHANS of that time, in 1973, provided an opportunity to progress in a vastly broader arena and helped me move to Ahmedabad, leaving a "permanent" job at NIMHANS.

Dr. H. N. Murthy was a man of great character with unrelenting resolve and firm determination in his pursuit. He remained a bachelor, had deep philosophical interest, ever eager to see or make fresh interpretation of our ancient scriptures in tune with modern scientific discoveries, which we had umpteen number of occasions to discuss forgetting time and space, in and outside the classroom. We were drawn so close together, hours of debate on vexing topic done with such cordial, intimate and intense manner as equal friends than teacher-student relationship would enjoin. He would take me, a student, driving in his Fiat Car to Brigade road to eat crispy bonda. My whole family loved and revered him. I do not know how many times he enjoyed talking to people how much he relished the tasty kobbari mitai, prepared by my wife and mother in law during  a krishnashtami day! He was a very talented photographer, an amateur free lancer though, what with other professional work crowding him. The photos he took of my daughter in my house during her first birth anniversary, face up in glee, lip pursed, squatting, palm pressed to the ground is a classic that we all savored time and again looking at it although now losing her and all of my family would be an intensely moving, almost unbearable, experience to look at the photo and yet it adores in my collection prominently as a stamp of Dr. Murthy affection to us.

Time and profession took me far away from him subsequently, I hardly met him ever since. He lived and loved secluded life, devoting himself to studies and interaction with a very few revered and loved ones, never expected anything from any body and would prefer others too that way. A true teacher, a true guru, is the one who shuns dependency, he always empowers and sets pupil free and takes pride in their independence. Dr. H. N. Murthy was one such teacher. I felt a gasping emptiness in my heart when I heard his death. How I missed such great persons in my life, one by one, and yet I live nurtured by their empowerment and love within me. May God Bless his Soul!

Thursday, June 9, 2011

Democracy and Civil Society in India Today - A Citizen's View

 Democracy is by the people, of the people and for the people. The three major wings in it - Legislature, Executive and Judiciary - are constituted by either the elected members or selected and/or nominated by rules enacted by the elected members/Legislature. Citizens directly participating in governance appears redundant in such a situation. However, when they govern badly, act inimical to the good of the people at large, indulge in using their public office to their personal profit, indulge in corrupt practices, thereby creating hardship and misery to people, and when vast majority(80%) of people still remain in utter poverty and ignorance  even after 64 years of Independence, and when impressive development is enjoyed by only 10% of the people, when social inequality and prejudices is widening and is exploited by the political parties, - citizen's initiative becomes imperative. Citizen's initiative is necessary because democracy is being abused, laws enacted are subverted to ruler's advantage and they are averse to change the law as the existing ones are advantageous to them, deep seated vested interest in status quo develop then, people perceiving it and changing the government by ballot is almost futile as either the ballot is won by bribe or had to wait for the election for too long( five years) by which time worst damage would have been done already, where then a criminal democracy reigns, and it needs to be corrected .Further, all political parties, not just the ruling political party, indulge in same corrupt practices either in power or outside it, have lost all authority to raise against the evil as all are sailing in the same boat, their party's ideology being totally irrelevant, we can expect very little from all of them to do something to correct the course.

Congress Party ruled this country for sixty years and is riddled with most of the worst scams we have seen: Bofors scam, Quattrochi  escapade and Bhopal tragedy where the looters are helped to escape from their loot, heinous crime,  by the unpatriotic ruling congressmen as alleged and reported in the media. 2G scam, CWG scam, Adarsha scam, Telecom scam where allegation of crores of rupees swallowed by Congressmen or their partners under the approval of them. Hundreds of lakh of crores of rupees of black money stashed in foreign banks were never even attempted to be booked because, as perceived by the commoner, they are also party to it, but if that were to be recovered and utilized we would have solved all our problems  such as poverty, illiteracy, inequality and so on permanently.

BJP rule was only for five years and you may not have seen many scams in them, but there is all the indication that if they were to continue they would be no better. Look at the State ruled by them, Karnataka, which is steeped in corruption, nepotism, swindle of the exchequer by floating grandiose "development" projects  where huge amount is sanctioned only to fill their private kitty and the project done so poorly that it hardly benefits the needy. There may be a sole exception elsewhere but exception never makes a rule. Story is the same with Communist who had a very long stint in West Bengal and the State is one of the poorly developed in the country. So is the Janata Dal variants, dismal rule of of Lalu in Bihar, short stint of JDU in Karnataka were also equally dismal with little exception.

Allegation of corruption among members of the parliament(e.g.bribe for question) and legislature is also widely and frequently reported. Corruption in the Executive is so rampant that people believe that no work  gets done without bribe. Allegation of corruption in the judiciary too is reported that has not left even the topmost judges of the topmost Court in the country.

It is in this scenario where people at large are driven to desperation, morality of the vast majority of people in the public offices being dismally low, corrupt and brazenly unethical practices so openly committed, that the voice of the honest citizen at large need to be made counted for the good of the people. Leadership taken in this regard by the team of Anna and Baba need to be appreciated and nurtured by all, notwithstanding the excesses on both the party that can and must be sorted out by sitting across the table together if at all the cause is dear to all. The Civil Society must prevail upon the Power that be to act swiftly to stem the rot by booking the criminal, changing laws immediately wherever needed, changing system of governance towards total transparency and accountability, changing electoral system to weed out the criminals and the malpractices, and so on. In case the rulers fail to act, it is time that they be dismantled, a new interim government consisting of patriots and competent people installed only to bring in changes in law and governance system and for the new real democracy to take place. There are enough people available who have long experience of knowing what ails the system and what can be done to change it. We have to allow them to come forward and support them to the full in this regard.