Tuesday, March 30, 2010

Poor Voter Turnout

In the just concluded BBMP Election for and in the Bangalore City, a very poor voter turn out is reported and all the three major contesting Parties are furious about it and have in fact blamed the Bangaloreans as lazy, unwilling to come out of their Sunday sojourns, would not care for democracy and democratic process, used to get what they want without voting or caring for People's Representatives, the affluent and the educated  do not need politicians and so on. I think they a have missed other vital reasons for not coming out to vote.

Firstly, these city bred educated lot have seen through it all. People's representatives, after they get elected, have looked after only themselves and their kit and kin and never bother for the good of the people and their locality. Hence, they say, why we should elect them to help make amass wealth for themselves. Yet, somebody do get elected however small a voting percentage may be and who knows the worse would have been elected which absentees participation in voting would have avoided such candidate. They have an answer for this too and that is the second point.

Where is the choice? All parties including the three major ones - BJP, Congress and JD(S) - are the same: corrupt, greedy, self seeking at the cost of good of the people and hence, whosoever we vote by going to the booths, it will be vote for worse candidate only. Even there is any minuscule exception, exception never make rules!

Surely, those reasons can not be valid excuses of an enlightened citizenry and yet the seventy years, especially of recent decade, of the way politics is shaped and moving, the enlightened citizenry is totally ignored and marginalized by the political goons nurturing goons!

Incidentally. I have voted, leaving home in the morning to the nearby booth where my name is listed and the mark is visible long and wide on the back of my right forefinger.

Monday, March 29, 2010



The Indian Government is planning to allow Private and Foreign Universities in Higher education. The discussion on it is going on the in the Media. There is a greater need to discuss the pros and cons of it by our Educationists and Universities as well.
India is one of the countries which have the lowest enrolment ratio for Higher education in the world. USA has more than 81 percent who go to college from their school education, Canada’s percentage in this is 87, Australia, 80, Finland, 74,  New Zealand, 63, Norway, 62, Belgium, 56,  UK,52, France, 51, China, 15 and in our country it is just around 10% who come to Universities from the schools. World average is about 15% (UNESCO). India, also, is one of the lowest in terms of number of universities per population. USA’s population is about 28 crores and they have nearly 2500 universities, Germany’s 8+ crores people has 350 universities, UK’s 6 crores population has 125 universities, Japan’s 13 crores population has 730 universities, Indonesia’s population is 22 crores, they have 1770 universities, Philippines’s 8 crores people have 1500 universities, China, with a population of 131 crores, have 2000 universities and India with 110 crores of population has just 350+ universities.  Several experts in the field estimate that we must have at least one thousand universities more and the higher education enrolment ratio to be increased by 20 percent in the next ten years, to meet the challenges of country’s development. Can the government do it?
The government’s efforts and achievement of the past 70 years in Higher education in the country is dismal to say the least, with the exception of only some ten percent of the institutions making some mark of excellence. The government’s grant to the universities is not sufficient to meet even the salary demands, let alone developmental expenditure. More than fifty percent of the sanctioned posts have remained unfilled for want of funds. Many institutions lack minimum infrastructure in terms of staff, place, building, laboratory, library, hostels, sports and cultural facilities. No wonder that the quality of education in ninety percent of our institution of higher learning is very poor. A bad education is worse than no education! Under these prevailing realities, how can we expect the government to take up the responsibility of providing 1000 more universities and enhance enrolment ratio by 10 percent in next ten years? The track record clearly establishes that it is well neigh impossible! Yet, there is an urgent need to provide quality education at an affordable cost to vast majority of our students seeking higher education. It appears inevitable to make room for nongovernmental agencies – Private and Foreign Universities – to shoulder this responsibility while, at the same time, increasing the government’s   efforts to strengthen and empower the existing universities. Earnest efforts also to be made to ensure that the private and foreign universities granted serve the interest of quality education to the largest majority towards the ends of enhancing the enrolment ratio in a manner most appropriate to our country.
We must reckon with, at this juncture, the recent fiasco in the grant of deemed university status to private institutions some of whom cater worst quality of education and exploit students. However, such a state of affairs is more due to the grant being given to some undeserving without considering the track regard of the institutions in providing quality education over a long period than private sector per say. Such institutions are run by dynastic rule with sole purpose of making it a profiting business and who have obtained the deemed university status by nonacademic, non-educational consideration such as political clout, political appeasement or corruption. Governments in those states are in fact an accomplice in such loot.
 Grant can be given to such institutions so arbitrarily (or by abusing rules) under the present dispensation – prevailing Acts and Statutes – governing Higher education makes it even more a sordid affair! Higher Education in the country is controlled more by non-educationist than academics. The decisions of the academic bodies such as Board of Studies, Faculty, Academic Council and Syndicate of the University need final approval of the Government. Even the highest decision making and advisory body such as Inter University Board and Council for Higher education is headed by the minister in charge of Higher Education as Chairman and its members consists in quite a sizable number bureaucrats  from the government and people of political lineage. The Government of Karnataka has also stepped into such misadventure of granting private university status to some undeserving without any regulation and independent academic assessment, is equally dangerous to the future of higher education in the State. It gets recommendation by ‘experts’ who toe their line or from those experts who are in subordinate position,to grant the status. It is extremely difficult to achieve quality and excellence in education in such a centralized nonacademic authority and no government is willing to forego it. Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely!
There is a need to install separate regulations to the grant of the private and foreign universities that takes into consideration with clarity and transparent procedures the academic criteria to merit the status including consideration of local realities such as social justice and economic support to the needy. An independent and autonomous authority consisting of eminent educationists who are known for their integrity must assess the merit of each applicant in the light of the regulation and their decision must be strictly adhered to. It must be totally free from political, governmental and bureaucratic interference.  

Wednesday, March 17, 2010

Psychology in Ancient Indian Thought

PSYCHOLOGY IN ANCIENT INDIAN THOUGHT - power point presentation.


Personal Initiation: Professional Necessity.

Studies on Meditation: Optimization of Human Potential.


manayeva manushyanam karanam bandha mokshayo,
bandhaya vishayasanghe mokshai nirvishayam manaha (AB Upanishad).
Mind is the cause for both bondage and freedom/bondage is mental attachment to object of senses, freedom is absence of such objects.



bhumir apo nalo vayu kham mano buddhirevaca
ahankara itiyamme binna prakritir ashtadha (BG. 7.4).
Earth, water, fire, air, ether, mind, intelligence and ego – altogether these eight constitute My separate material nature.

chancnalam hi manah krishna pramathi balavad drdham
tasyaham nigraham manye vayor iva su-dushkaram.(BG.6.34)
The mind verily is, O Krishna, restless, turbulent, strong and obstinate. I deem it as hard to control as the wind.

asamshayam mahabaho mano durnigraham chalam
abhyasena tu kaunteya vairagyena cha grhyate(BG. 6,35)
Doubtless, O mighty-armed, the mind is restless and hard to control; but by practice and non-attachment, O son of Kunti, it can be controlled. 


annamaya kosha: Body sheath.
pranamaya kosha: Breath sheath
manomaya kosha: Mind sheath
vijnanamaya kosha: Intellect sheath
anandamaya kosha: Bilss sheath.



jagrat Waking State
swapna Dreaming State
nidra Sleeping State
turiya Fourth State


dharma Duty/Order/Law
artha Success/Wealth
kama Desire
moksha Liberation

Contrast with West’s Psychoanalytical, Behavioral, Humanistic, Phenomenological and Existential Psychology



drstvemam svajanam krsna yuyutsum samupasthitam, sidanti mama gatrani mukham ca parishusyati (BG.1.28)
Seeing these my kinsmen, collected here prompted by war, my limbs fail me, O Krishna, and my mouth is parched up


vepathush ca sharire me romaharshah ca jayate, gandivam sramsate hastat tvak chaiva paridahyate (BG.1.29)
My whole body is trembling, my hair is standing on end, my bow gandiva is slipping from my hand, and my skin is burning.
na ca shaknomy avasthatum bramativa ca me manah, nimittani ca pashyami viparitani keshava (BG. 1.30)
I am unable to stand; my mind whirls as it were; and keshava, I see adverse omens.

kutas tva kashmalam idam vishame samupasthitam, anarya jushtam asvargyam akirtikaram arjuna (BG.2.2)
When has this unmanly, heaven-barring and shameful dejection come upon you, at this juncture, O Arjuna.
klaibyam ma sma gamah partha naitat tvayy upapadyate, kshudram hrdayadaurbalyam tyktvottishtha parantapa (BG.2.3)
Yield not, O Partha, to feebleness. It does not befit you. Cast off this petty faint-heartedness. Wake up, O vanquisher of foes.


dyayato vishayan pumsah sangas teshupajayate sangat sanjayate kamah kamat krodhobijayate
krodhad bhavati sammohah sammohat smrti-vibhramah/ smriti-bhramsad buddhi-nasho buddhi-nashat pranashyati ( BG. 2.62-63).

Brooding on the objects of senses, person develops attachment to them; from attachment comes desire; from desire anger sprouts forth; from anger proceeds delusion; from delusion confused memory; from confused memory the ruin of reason; due to the ruin of reason person perishes.


yogastha kuru karmani (BG. 2.48)
Perform your action in the state of Union
yogah karmashu kaushalam (BG. 2.50)
yoga is skill in action
Yogahchittavritti nirodhah (YS. 1.2)
yoga is cessation of movements in the consciousness, of mental activities.
tada drashtuh svarupe avasthanam (YS 1.3)
Then the seer is established in his nature.


yama niyama asana pranayama pratyahara dharana dhyana samadhiyo ashtavangani.
Codes, Conduct, Posture, Breath regulation, Withdrawal of senses from external object(elimination of external distractions), Focusing(elimination of internal/mental distractions, Meditation and Pure Consciousness are the eight limbs of yoga,

Yoga is Psychology of Perception.


kayanu paschana observe the body
vedananu paschana observe the sensation
chittanu paschana observe the mind
dammanu paschana observe the Order


Fight ( Western ) / Flow ( Eastern )

Self gratification / Self sacrifice

yo vy bhooma tatsukham,nalpe
sukhamasti (Rg.Veda)
Those connected to the Whole/Big is happy, not the petty.

ayam nijah paro veti ganana laghu cetasam,udara charitanasu vasudaiva kutumbakam (Hitopadesha)
Those who think ‘he is mine’, ‘he is not’ are petty minded, those who are large-hearted regard the world as one family.


Yo mam sarvesuhutesu santam atmanam isvaram,hitvarcha bajate maudyad bhasmani eva juhoti saha ( Bhagavata )
Anyone who does not care for the people who are in need of care, and simply taken to worship of God, his effort is wasted.

Paropakarah punyaya papaya parapidanam (Veda Vyasa)
Helping others is virtue, hurting other is sin


Goal : Total Being / Fully Functioning.

Open access to Spiritual(para) dimension

View problem from the transpersonal point

Discover / Develop the uniqueness
Relate uniqueness to culture and society


Be Silent.Thought prevent access to spiritual.

Be Present.Not filled with demands and expectations, past and future.

Be Recognizing others as they are, give them space.

Self Satisfaction through self sacrifice.